Fire Engineering involves applying scientific and engineering principles, rules, and expertise in order to understand the basic phenomena and effects of fire, how people react and behave to fire, and what prevention strategies could be implemented to curtail its destructive capabilities. Fire Engineering aims to assess the hazards and risks of fire, mitigate potential fire damage, evaluate optimum preventative measures, optimize the design, installation and maintenance of fire detection, suppression, control and related communication systems, direct and control fire equipment and manpower, and implement post-fire investigation and analysis. A fire engineer understand the nature and mechanisms of fire, spread and control fire and other combustible materials. Fire engineers understand how fires originate, spread within and outside infrastructural buildings, and can detect, control, and extinguish existing fires. Additionally, fire engineers can anticipate the behavior of materials, including the integration of fire safety systems.
Firefighters, rescuers with extensive training to primarily extinguish dangerous fires that threaten the lives of civilians and their property, place their own lives at risk by performing all sorts of heroic tasks, including rescuing people from car wrecks, inescapable buildings due to hazardous fires, collapse, or other infrastructural failure. The expanse of industrialized life has also increased the scale of hazards, which has required an increase in firefighting skills and technology. Firefighters find themselves in a number of environments, including wildlife reserves, urban areas, and even on-board ships. Fire protection engineers play a less active role in the rescuing civilian lives. Fire engineers are responsible for identifying and restructuring weaknesses in modern infrastructure. Fire engineers execute several areas of discipline, including active and passive fire protection, smoke control and management, escape layouts, the overall building design and layout, fire prevention programs, fire modeling, examining human behavior, and determining risk analysis. Fire engineers may also investigate sites where a previous fire took place, such as Ground zero after the World Trade Center collapse on September 11, 2001. Fire engineers have also helped NASA improve their overall safety.
After completing the necessary education requirements, fire engineers may be offered job prospects in several different industrial environments, such as a government or public sector. Large corporations may hire fire engineers for prevention purposes. Additionally, educational institutions and consulting firms may recruit fire engineers for their safety programs. Fire brigades need fire engineers to investigate and mitigate potential fire hazards in modern infrastructure. Manufacturing organizations, such as petroleum refineries, fertilizers, textiles, chemicals and other plants, need fire engineers to pinpoint flaws in these common building designs. Fire engineers may also work as surveyors for insurance companies.
To learn more about fire engineering, consult the following links: