Ergonomics is the involvement of utilizing proper posture and equipment for people who must usually sit or perform repetitive tasks for a long period of time. It is the science of the body in correlation to the workplace, and how various jobs can impact one's health. Comfort is not only important to help maintain stress levels, but it also minimizes impact on the joints and other parts of the body when sitting or when strained for several hours at once. Implementing ergonomics in an office environment helps to ensure the physical well being as well as mental calmness of employees who must remain in one position for a long length of time. Using proper ergonomics can help to keep peoples' backs healthy, prevent problems like carpal tunnel syndrome, and promote healthier posture.
There are many health related issues that can affect people working in an office or students who must sit down in classrooms for a long stretch. Repetitive strain injuries are quite common, and have been known to cause permanent and painful disabilities. Carpal tunnel is one of the most common forms of these injuries, and often results because a person is not positioning their wrist, back, and legs properly. When this happens, strain begins to become focused on the wrists and hands, causing injury. Other problems that can arise from improper posture include joint and knee pain, back injury, and eye strain. Poor circulation can also result if the legs are not positioned properly when seated. When ergonomically designed desks and chairs are used, people's overall posture is improved and strain can be evenly distributed throughout the body. This prevents any one area from having to bear too much strain at once, and the body is now working in synergy. Wrist guards and supports at the keyboard are good ways to help keep the wrists from hurting, and office chairs with the right back support should help employees or students remain seated upright and keep their backs supported at all times to avoid pain.
If good posture and proper ergonomics are ignored, many different problems can arise. People who sit at desks and type heavily often experience painful wrist and hand problems. If they are not seated in the right position, they will also experience leg pain, back pain, and improper circulation. All of these things are in sync together and one problem can begin a snowball effect on the entire body. Another problem that can arise is too much strain on the eyes. Screens should be the right size, and workers should be seated at a fair distance from them to avoid strain. Sitting in chairs that do not support the legs and back the right way can cause harm to the arms, joints, and feet. Training in posture and how to work efficiently without causing too much pressure on the body are important things to learn. These steps, if taken proactively, can help people avoid the many different problems that can come with repetitive strain injury.
For more information about ergonomics and proper positioning, please refer to the following websites:
by: Bruce Tucker